Having the bibliography cut from my book to save space was perhaps the hardest sacrifice, so I'm especially glad to present it here. Following are most, though not all, of the articles, correspondence, documents, and interviews used for the book. The numerous closures and sales of Isaly's branches left only a faint trail of documentary evidence. Over a period of nine years, I was able to assemble a wide cross-section, but much of it is in archives or private collections, and therefore not in my possession. If you're publishing further research and you've used information from here, please credit this site or my book, Klondikes, Chipped Ham, & Skyscraper Cones: The Story of Isaly's by Brian Butko.

The materials are broken into eight sections:
1 Company and family materials
2 Author correspondence received
3 Interviews
4 Books
5 Official documents
6 Deaths, obituaries
7 Articles
8 Miscellaneous


1 Company and family materials

"Announcement of Group Insurnace Plan for New Employees," undated booklets.

"Isaly's Happenings," and "Isaly's Invades The Capitol," CMC Insider 3:2, April 1982.

"Plant Tour - Dutch Days, Hanover Plant, Orientation and Opening Remarks," July 26, 1985.

"The Isaly Reunion," a brief 1958 report by "The Committee," which was Anna Isaly Converse, Selma Isaly Mahon, Kenneth Acker, and Henry Isaly.

"The Sweet William Story," by John Wright, Director of Operations, from Sweet William Job Stations Procedures Manual.

"Touring One of the World's Most Modern Dairy Plants: Isaly's," describing Marion from the engine room and coal storage to the dairy laboratory and condensing pan.

AmBrit Inc. fiscal 1989 annual report, April 1989.

AmBrit Inc. third quarter report, ended Oct. 31, 1988.

Annual reports (The Isaly Co.), 1967, '69, '70, '71.

CFS [Clabir Food Services] Chronicle 1:1, March 1978; 1:5, July 1978; 1:6, Aug. 1978; 1:7, Sept. 1978; 1:8, Oct. 1978.

Clabir Corporation, Annual Reports for the 12 months ended Jan. 31, 1979, 1980, 1981, 1985, and 1988.

Company Policies, Oct. 1, 1965, a Pittsburgh branch employee handbook.

Correspondence from Fred J. Miller, franchise supervisor, to Mr. William J. Francis of Minerva, May 27, 1970, regarding discontinuance of Isaly's service. It's assumed similar letters were sent to other franchisees.

Correspondence regarding store purchase from A.D. Smith to R. Birckbichler, May 16, 1947; W. H. Paulo to Birckbichler, July 1, 1947; A.D. Smith to Birckbichler, July 5, 1947; and C.B.K. to Birckbichler, Feb. 7, 1949.

CRC employee newsletter, The Roving I 1:2, Nov. 1982

CRC Happenings 1:1, Sept. 1982.

Dec. 2, 1916, letter from Chester to Charles regarding capital stock of Marion company.

Developing the Present Store, a three page manuscript describing the process from an architectural viewpoint, believed to have been written c. 1936 by Isaly architect Vincent J. Schoeneman, who had offices on 4th Ave., Pittsburgh.

Empire of Carolina 1989 annual report, year ending Dec. 31, 1989.

Empire of Carolina Notice of Annual Meeting of Stockholders, May 16, 1990.

Historical Highlights, The Isaly Klondike Company, 1833 to 1980, c. 1980 company p.r. document.

Introducing Unilever 1995.

Introducing Unilever, English Version in U.S. Dollars, with Business Briefing, both 1999.

Isaly's 25th Anniversary, May 20, 1931 - May 20, 1956

Isaly's organizational chart from December 1968, showing seven reporting to president and treasurer William R. Isaly: director of purchasing Thomas Isaly; legal counsel Regis Gilboy; vice president administration John D. Isaly, director presonnel and industrial relations R.C. Lindberg; vice president production and route sales H. William Isaly; director of store sales George Krohe; and controller R.M. Eldridge.

Isaly/Klondike: New Clearwater Facility Fact Sheet, June 1982.

Letter from Chester C. Isaly to wife, Nov. 8 (no year), describing a hunting trip with John Bricker and father William.

Letter from Gaylord M. LaMond, president, to Frank Cunningham, April 11, 1977, announcing the sale of The Isaly Co. It's assumed this was a form letter sent to all franchisees, as Mr. Cunningham had passed away a year earlier.

Letter from Henry Isaly to Isaly's employees in the service, March 30, 1945.

Letter from John A. Martig III to Isaly directors, March 30, 1972.

Letter from John A. Martig III to Samuel D. Isaly, June 4, 1971.

Letter from Mansfield Pure Milk Co. to milk producers, May 11, 1908.

Letter from O.M. Goodloe, M.D., May 22, 1951, c.c. to William [R.] Isaly.

Letter from Samuel D. Isaly to shareholders, Jan. 23, 1970.

Letter from Samuel to Charles Isaly, July 7, 1917, stating that stock (presumably Marion) was selling for $143.48 per share.

Letter from Schlosser's Dairy manager C.F. Beardsley, June 6, 1938, on Schlosser's letterhead.

Letter from Walter Paulo to Mr. Isaly, July 15, 1946.

Letter from Walter Paulo to stockholders, Feb. 25, 1970.

Letter from William R. Isaly to Samuel D. Isaly [and likely all stockholders], Feb. 2, 1970.

Letter from William R. Isaly to stockholders, May 18, 1967.

Letter to all employees from G.C. Krohe, May 29, 1969.

Letters from family reunion committee, Aug. 6 and Sept. 9, 1958 [the reunion was Aug. 31].

Letters from H. William Isaly to shareholders, Feb. 26 and March 27, 1970.

Letters from Paulo, Isaly, and Rickard to stockholders, Dec. 22 and 27, 1969; Jan. 5, Jan. 23, and Feb. 16, 1970.

Letters from The Isaly Company to shareholders, Dec. 11, 1969; Feb. 20, 1970.

Map of the Isaly States U.S.A., c. 1940.

Mr. Walter H. Paulo, commemorative booklet from a party to honor him in August 1965 at the Ukrainian Orthodox Church, with Art Frank as toastmaster.

Notice of Annual Meeting of Shareholders, March 19, 1970, to be held.April 2, 1970.

Notice to all employees from C.G. Hatch, June 22, 1937.

Pipeline, Oct. 1992 (an employee newsletter of the Isaly Klondike Co.)

Plant Tour [Youngstown], c. 1939.

Press release for no earlier than Jan 3, 1967, noon, which was used in: "Isaly Company Involved In Merger Of 365 Dairy Stores," [Mansfield] News-Journal, Jan. 3, 1967; "Isaly Merges 4 Companies," The Pittsburgh Press, Jan. 3, 1967; "Four Isaly Firms Become One Company," unknown, Jan. 3, 1967; and "4 Isaly Firms Merged into Single Unit," The Youngstown Vindicator, Jan. 3, 1967.

Press release, biography of Henry W. Isaly, c. 1957.

Press release, May 23, 1985, announcing the opening of the Rancho Cucamonga plant and The Klondike Pacific division of The Isaly Company.

Price list, 18-pages, June 1, 1937, likely from Marion or Columbus.

Proforma consolidated balance sheet (as it may appear as of Dec. 31, 1969).

Prospectus mailer from Rooney, Pace Inc, June 17, 1983.

Retail Ice Cream Price List [Marion], effective April 1, 1920.

Reunion papers, 1983. Tom Isaly was in charge of arrangements; Patty Isaly Fulakis, genealogy; program, John Isaly; family tree, Ellen Isaly.

Store list from Marion, Oct. 1966, courtesy Clen Klinger, which contains 33 company and franchise stores, including 11 in Columbus.

Sweet William Training Manual, June 1972.

Tentative "Agreement" from December 1934 stipulating that Ackerman would not produce ice cream cabinets for anyone but Isaly's until the end of 1937.

The Isaly Co. Notice of Annual Meeting of Shareholders, May 18, 1984.

The Isaly Co. quarterly report, ended Oct. 31, 1981.

The Isaly Company annual reports, fiscal 1984, 1985.

The Isaly Company proxy statement, Aug. 9, 1985.

The Isaly Klondike Company: A Division of AmBrit Inc., The Company History: A Family Tradition.... Now a Corporate Success, period company p.r. document.

The Isaly Klondike Company: The Company History, A Family Tradition....Now a Corporate Success, internal history c. 1989.

Tour guides, "A Visit to [Pittsburgh] Isaly's Dairy Plant," Jan. 8, 1957, and 1960s.

Unilever 1994 Report to Employees.

Unilever 1995 Report to Employees.

Unilever 1996 Report to Employees, North America.

Unilever Annual Accounts 1999.

Unilever Annual Review 1996 and Summary Finacial Statement, English Version in Guilders.

Unilever Annual Review 1999 and Summary Finacial Statement, English Version in Pounds Sterling.

Unilever Annual Reviews 1994, 1996, 1999 (and supplements in U.S. dollars).

Unilever Charts 1989-1999.


2 Author correspondence received

Albert Howard, Sept. 14 and Oct. 10, 1996.

Amy E. Baldauf, Marion Public Library, Sept. 12, 1996; Jan. 30, 1997.

Angelo Doria, Sep. 23, Oct. 12, Nov. 5, 1996; July 16, 1997.

Art Isaly, Aug. 1, 2000.

Audrey Enders Heck, Oct. 19 and Nov. 18, 1996.

Barbara Linden, Dec. 16, 1996.

Beverly Taylor, February 1997.

Bonnie Sprankle, Feb. 8, 1997.

Chester Friebe, Jan. 23, Feb. 7, March 1 and 24, 1997.

Connie J. Graham, Sept. 3 and Oct. 3, 1996.

Dave Deschner, Sept. 10, 1996.

David W. Rotthoff, July 18, 1994; Aug. 12, 1994.

Don Flowers, March 22, 1993; July 8, 2000.

Dorothy Bricker, March 17, 1997.

Elizabeth A. Treiber, June 27, 1994.

Ernest Thode of Marietta, Ohio, genealogist and German translator.

Fae and Charles Robinson. Fae is the sister of Eleanor Groves, who still lives where Christian settled in Ohio. Their mother, Olive Isaly Nippert, was a great-granddaughter of Christian Isaly.

Fran Czernek, April 16, 1997.

Gerda Creelman, July 9 and Oct. 30, 1999.

Harold Bricker, Jan. 14, 1997.

Helen Isaly Billings, April 9, 1995.

Helen Kuehn, Jan. 7, 1997.

Herbert A. Witzgall, Dec. 3, 1996.

Jean Moon, Upper Sandusky Community Library, July 9, Oct. 3, Oct. 12, 1996.

Jill Mathieu, March 27, 1997.

Joan Lutz, July 30, 1999; Feb. 20, 2000.

John L. "Jake" Forbes, Jr., Dec. 5, 1996.

Joyce Flanigan, Jan. 26, 2000.

Joyce Link, March 18, 1997.

Joyce Stewart, May 26, 1994.

Judith Isaly, July 2, 1994.

Judy Hamel, Oct. 7, 1996.

Julia Clark, March 14, 1997.

Les Wagner, Jan. 3, 1997.

Margaret Isaly Herrmann, Jan. 10 and 20, April 20, Aug. 22, 1995; Nov. 25, 1996; Jan. 23 and 31, April 15, May 28, June 9, 1997.

Marie Stankiewicz, Sept. 30, 1996.

Marilyn L. Wozniak, Aug. 31. 1996.

Mary Agard, Aug. 26, 1996.

Mary Jo Chiodo, April 24, 1997.

Mrs. Hayes, July 31, 1997.

Myrna and Andy Lamont, Nov. 16, 1996.

Pamela Grell, Feb. 5 & 22, March 15, Sept. 23, 1996, Feb. 7 & March 24, 1997.

Patricia Case Lange, Oct. 3, 1996.

Phyllis Pellin, April 15 and 21, 1997.

Rev. Robert Bricker, March 28, 1997.

Rita Stewart, Oct. 8, 1996, and phone c

Robert Allison, June 16 and 27, 1994.

Robert Coyne, April 7, 1993.

Robert E. Atkinson, Oct. 16, 1996.

Robert E. Hinklin, July 14, 1997, Jan. 13, 1998.

Roger P. Denk, Ph.D., Aug. 5, 1996.

Rose Henchek, Sept. 3, 1996.

Roy E. Crawford, Dec. 27, 1996.

Russell Stevenson, June 10 and 28, 1994.

Ruth A. Stinnett, Jan. 9, 1997.

Ruth Semones, Dec. 6, 1996.

Ruth [Ormsby] Cunningham, Nov. 26, 1996; March 7, 1997.

Samuel D. Isaly, July 3, 1997.

Sandra L. Braucher Biltz, July 19 and Sept. 4, 1997.

Shirley (Frietchen) Boardman, May 2, 1997.

T.D. George, May 4 and 6, 1950.

Thomas J. Peck, Oct. 4, 1996.

Virginia A. Miller, Nov. 22, 1996.

Virginia Bigger, July 22, 1994.

Walter A. Stockert, Aug. 31, 1996.

William C. Pfleghar, Nov. 29 and Dec. 8, 1996.

William Francis, March 14, 1997.

William J. Willmot, Jan. 8, 1997.

William R. Isaly, June 16, 1997; July 21, 1997.

Wilma H. Belknap, March 10, 1997.


3 Interviews

Albert R. Ingram, Dec. 12, 1996.

Alex Sapyta, Sept. 22, 1994.

Art Frank, July 9, 1993.

Art Lewis, Aug. 5, 1994.

Ben Sapyta, Sept. 20, 1994.

Beverly Taylor, Jan. 29, 1999

Bill Andrews, April 30, 1996.

Bob Fischer, Dec. 28, 1996.

Bob Isaly, Sept. 19, 2000.

Bob Marchionda, April 30, 1997.

Bob Pierce, July 29, 1994.

Bob Sestokas, Nov. 26, 1996.

Carl O. Benson, Feb. 13, 1997.

Chris Isaly, Feb. 7, 1997.

Chuck Krause, winter 1997.

Claire "Larry" Hatch, April 6, 1994.

Clarence G. Luedy, Feb. 13, 1997.

Clen Klinger, c. Dec. 10, 1996.

Dave Deschner and his mother, Nov. 7, 1996.

Dave Sinkele, July 5, 1996.

Dean W. Bricker, July 16, 1994.

Dick Newman, Oct. 6, 1995.

Don Flowers, July 3, 2000.

Don Jones, April 30, 1997.

Don Wissenbach, April 29, 1997.

Dorothy Curry, Aug. 29, 1995; Jan. 16, 1997.

Dorothy Keim, Aug. 25, 1994.

Earl Imler, May 30, 1996.

Edwin Isaly, Aug. 21, 1996.

Eleanor Groves, May 15, 1994.

Elizabeth Helmick, May 28, 1996.

Frank Dandrea, April 1, 1993.

Gaylord LaMond, Nov. 7, 1996.

George E. Aston Sr., July 21, 1997.

George Krohe, Oct. 28, 1992; July 9, 1993; Aug. 29, 1994; April 10, 1995; April 30 and Dec. 9, 1996; June 6, 1997.

Gil Maffeo, Feb. 25, 1997.

Glenn Fehr, April 18, 1997.

H. William Isaly, Sept. 7, 1995.

Harold Bricker, June 8, 1994

Harry Larabee, Jan. 31, 1995.

Helen Isaly Billings, Jan. 28, 1995.

Henry Clarke, January 7, 1997.

Homer Ron Campbell, July 9, 1994.

James Deily, May 29, 1996.

James Scheets, July 9, 1993.

Jay Deily, Jan. 17, 1995

Jean Moon, Aug. 21, 1996.

Joan Lutz and Peggy Woods, July 14, 1999.

John C. Metz, May 9, 1997.

John Isaly, Aug. 21, 1996.

John Weston, May 29, 1997.

Joseph and Dang Dunlevy, March 1997.

Julie Eisenstein, Sept. 25, 1997.

June Isaly, May 9, 1997.

June V. Isaly, May 9, 1997.

Kathy Scheets, Feb. 19, 1997.

Ken Tartler, May 3, 1995.

Lester Lowery, May 24, 1995.

Lionel Trebilcock, Feb. 7, 1997.

Lou Mitchell, Jan. 24, 1997.

Margaret Isaly Herrmann, Jan. 28, 1995.

Margie DeArmit, Jan. 24, 1997.

Marian Isaly Schulz, Jan. 12, 1996.

Mary Dybowski, Dec.13, 1993.

Mohammed Saleem, Aug. 5, 1994.

Nick Diulus, April 5, 1993.

Paul Clever, fall 1992.

Paul Sofaly, June 22 and Aug. 5, 1994.

Penny Isaly Logan, Feb. 6, 1997.

Peter Argentine, April 1993.

Ralph McAfee, Jan. 9, 1995.

Ray Luty, April 7, 1992.

Rev. Robert Bricker, July 16, 1994.

Richard S. Van Cleave [son], Aug. 1, 1997.

Rita Stewart, Oct. 30, 1996.

Robert Digby, May 14, 1997.

Ron Totin, Sept. 3, 1996.

Samuel D. Isaly, Feb. 19, 1992; April 3, 1997.

Thad Merriman III, Feb. 22, 1997, April 17, 1997.

Tom Knight, August 1996.

Tom O'Grady, Margaret Kane Latsko O'Grady, Jack Latsko, and Niki Latsko, July 8, 1994.

Virginia Bigger, June 2, 1994.

William R. Isaly, Feb. 3, 1992; Aug. 26, 1994.

Wilma Wissenbach, July 9, 1993.


4 Books

Abstracts of literature on the manufacture and distribution of ice cream (Harrisburg: Intl. Assn. of Ice Cream Mfrs., 1933).

Adam, Smith. The Roaring '80s (New York: Penguin Books, 1988) 62-64.

Baughman, A.J. Richland & Ashland Counties Centennial Biographical History, 1901.

Blue, Frederick J. et. al. Mahoning Memories: A History of Youngstown and Mahoning County (Virginia Beach: The Donning Co., 1995).

Dickson, Paul, The Great American Ice Cream Book (New York: Atheneum, 1978).

Donnely, Lu and Carol Bleier, The Ketchum Spirit: A History of Ketchum Communications Inc. (Ketchum Communications Inc., 1992).

Duff, William A. History of North Central Ohio, Vol. II, 1931.

Fiskett, Tony ed. Drive-In Management Guidebook 1968 (Duluth, Minn: Ojibway Press, 1968).

Frandsen, J.H. and Dr. D. Horace Nelson, Ice Creams and other Frozen Desserts (Amherst, Mass.: J.H. Frandsen, 1950).

Goldinger, Ralph and Audrey Fetters. Butler County, the Second Hundred Years, c. 1990.

Groves, Eleanor. "Isaly," in Theresa A. and Stanley B. Maienknecht, Monroe County, Ohio: A History (Monroe County Chapter of the Ohio Genealogical Soc., 1989).

History of Evans City (Evans City Area Historical Society, 1996).

Jenkins, Steven. Cheese Primer (New York: Workman Publishing, 1996). See the chapter on Switzerland and its two most famous cheeses, Emmental (from the Emme River valley in Canton Bern) and Gruyere, both available in the U.S.

Luck, James Murray. A History of Switzerland (Palo Alto, Cal.: SPOSS Inc., 1985).

Martin, William. Switzerland: from Roman times to the present (New York: Praeger, 1971).

Moody's Industrial Manual, vol. 1 (New York: Moody's Investors Service, Inc., 1989) 2722, for Clabir's early transactions, including its 1953 formation as Lemon City Industries, and see pp. 2541-42 for Ambrit.

Official Directors Register of Pittsburgh & Tri-State Area (Pittsburgh: Directory Publishing Co.), 1959, '61, '62, '63, '64.

Pomeroy, Ralph. The Ice Cream Connection (Paddington Press, 1975)

Romine, Trella H. ed. Marion County 1979 History (Marion County Historical Society, 1979).

Shaffer, Dale. Salem As It Was (1989).

Shaffer, Dale. Salem Stories - A Backward Glance (1993).

Tice, Patricia M. Ice Cream for All (Rochester, N.Y.: The Strong Museum, 1990).

Visser, Margaret, Much Depends on Dinner (New York, Grove Press, 1986).


5 Official documents

Agreement of Merger and attached papers, Swiss Maid Stores, Inc. of Mansfield; The Mid-Ohio Realty Co.; and Idee Oil Co., Inc., into The Isaly Company, Dec. 21, 1970, signed by W.R. Isaly, pres. of the three merging, and H. William, pres. of The Isaly Company. Swiss Maid was incorporated March 23, 1962, and Mid-Ohio Realty on June 22, 1962. The New Wilmington Cheese Co. merger is only present in Articles of Merger with Pennsylvania, Dec. 22, 1970.

Amendment to Articles of Incorporation, The Isaly Dairy Company, Youngstown, April 7, 1939, signed Chas. Isaly, president, and S.D. Isaly, secretary.

Annual Statement of Proportion of Capital Stock, Jan. 31, 1978, on file with the Ohio Secretary of State, indicates that in 1977, the company's total business transacted was $27.8 million, with $1.7 million in Ohio, and that there were 445,230 authorized and issued shares.

Application for License under Ohio Foreign Corporation Act, The Isaly Dairy Company of Pittsburgh, May 18, 1939, for permission to operate stores in Ohio, scheduled to begin operating June 1, 1939, signed Henry W. Isaly, treasurer.

Appointment of Agent papers, Jan. 13, 1930, on file with the Ohio Secretary of State.

Articles of Amendment, The New Wilmington Cheese Co., filed May 13, 1943.

Articles of Incorporation of Isaly Dairy Products, Inc., subscribed to Feb. 9, 1933, by S.D. Isaly (president), W.H. Paulo, and G.S. Heck. Consent to use a similar name was given by The Isaly Dairy companies of Marion, Youngstown, and Mansfield.

Articles of Incorporation, Chief Dairy, Jan. 28, 1926. (Records at the Ohio Secretary of State indicate the company was previously incorporated in 1917 and dissolved in 1922.)

Articles of Incorporation, Idee Oil Co., Inc., March 24, 1934, signed by Samuel Isaly, W.H. Paulo, and J. Paul Jones.

Articles of Incorporation, Isaly Dairy Stores, Inc., June 29, 1932.

Articles of Incorporation, Isaly's Inc., Nov. 12, 1935, signed Henry R. Isaly, Charles H. Isaly, and Sam D. Isaly (notary W.E. Isaly). Consent to use the name was given by The Isaly Dairy Company, The Isaly Dairy Company of Mansfield, Isaly Dairy Products, and by The Isaly Dairy Company, Youngstown. Amended two days later.

Articles of Incorporation, Mansfield Pure Milk Company, Jan. 23, 1904, signed R.W. Hartman, W.L. McCullough, John Dillon, Marion Mann, and William Carter.

Articles of Incorporation, The Isaly Dairy Company [Youngstown], March 23, 1918, signed by William G. Henne, G.W. Henne, Walter Henne, Chas. Hoffman, William Isaly, Jesse E. LaDow, Edwin S. Nail.

Articles of Incorporation, The Isaly Dairy Company, Marion, signed July 22, 1914, by William Isaly, Chester C. Isaly, William G. Henne, George W. Henne, and Jesse E. LaDow.

Articles of Incorporation, The New Wilmington Cheese Co., April 20, 1938, directors S.D. Isaly, W.H. Paulo, Henry W. Isaly.

Articles of incorporation, Isaly's Creamery Products (former Schlosser's Creamery Products), filed with the Indiana Secretary of State April 16, 1936, revoked Jan. 1, 1970, for failure to file annual reports. Only citations remain: all documentation has been lost.

Articles of incorporation, The Isaly Dairy Co. of Pittsburgh, Sept. 24, 1929, signed Harry N. Bricker, Chester C. Isaly, and Henry W. Isaly.

Articles of Merger, Isaly Dairy Stores, Inc., Sept. 9, 1968.

Certificate By Shareholders (and related documents) to dissolve Isaly Dairy Products, Inc., June 30, 1972; H. William Isaly, president and director, Robert Fischer, secretary, treasurer, and director; and George Krohe, vice-president and director. H. William was also the sole shareholder.

Certificate for Dissolution and attached papers, Isaly's Inc., March 10, 1954, signed by W.R. Isaly, president, treasurer, and director, and H.E. Rickard, secretary. Other directors were Paul H. Isaly, Henry W. Isaly, and Walter Paulo.

Certificate of Amendment, Isaly's Inc. [Columbus], March 16, 1937, signed Charles Isaly, pres., and Walter E. Isaly, sec.

Certificate of Amendment, Isaly's Inc. [Columbus], Oct. 22, 1942, signed by S.D. Isaly, vice pres., and W.E. Isaly, secretary.

Certificate of Authority (and attached papers), The Hanover Klondike Company, Inc., March 20, 1978 (because it was incorporated in Delaware, Feb. 16, 1978).

Certificate of Dissolution, Chief Dairy, July 7, 1934, signed L.J. Spellerberg, C.F. Beardsley, William Olpp, and Karl W. Betz.

Certificate of Increase of Capital Stock Before Organization issued for The Isaly Dairy Company, Youngstown, May 15, 1918.

Certificate of Increase of Capital Stock, Mansfield Pure Milk Company, Jan. 9, 1909. William Isaly is finally listed as President in these papers.

Certificate of Increase of Capital Stock, Mansfield Pure Milk Company, Sept. 14, 1920.

Certificate of Increase of Capital Stock, Marion, Sept. 28, 1914.

Certificate of Subscription, Mansfield branch, March 25, 1918, that the books be opened for subscriptions to the capital stock of that company. Consent to use the name was granted by The Isaly Dairy Company of Marion.

Christian Isaly's passport, on which Christian is spelled three ways: Christian, Chretien, and Cretien.

Many trademarks (i.e., designs) were secured by Isaly's, including Cut-Tub Butter in 1932; Chocolate Bubble Brick in 1934 (the letters to "bubble" in circles); Jiffy Package in 1935; and Boulevard for coffee and potato chips in 1948 (claiming use since 1931). A Klondike mark was filed in 1948, claiming use since Jan. 1, 1928; also filed in 1948 was a mark for Wonder Bar for chocolate coated sherbet bars, claiming use since 1945.

Plan and Agreement of Merger (separate versions on file with the Ohio and Pa. Secretaries of State), by and among The Isaly Dairy Company of Pittsburgh, The Isaly Dairy Company (Youngstown), The Isaly Dairy of Mansfield, and The Isaly Dairy Company (Marion), Nov. 10, 1966, signed W.R. Isaly, president of all four corporations. For the actual merger approval, see Articles of Merger (on file with Pa. Secretary of State), of The Isaly Dairy Company (Youngstown, Ohio), The Isaly Dairy Company of Mansfield Ohio, and The Isaly Dairy Company (Marion, Ohio) into The Isaly Dairy Co. of Pittsburgh, Dec. 8, 1966.

Resolution of Amendment of Articles of Incorporation, The Isaly Dairy Co., Marion, Feb. 16, 1935, signed S.D. Isaly, pres, and Grace Hahn, sec.

Swiss Maid Stores, Inc., of Mansfield was incorporated March 23, 1962, but no record of this exists except a mention in Agreement of Merger, Swiss Maid Stores, Inc. of Mansfield; The Mid-Ohio Realty Co.; and Idee Oil Co., Inc., Dec. 21, 1970.

Trade Name Registration, Isaly's Deli and Ice Cream, June 18, 1985, signed Thomas D. Humphreys, applicant, for "Sale of beer, wine, and food." Its file with the Ohio Secretary of State indicates it was cancelled by operation of law, July 20, 1990.

U.S. Patent 2,016,861 applied for Aug. 27, 1934, and granted Oct. 8, 1935, lists Samuel Jennings, Jr., as the inventor of what is now called the Skyscraper scoop.

U.S. Patent 2,149,513 by Jennings for manufacturing refrigerator plates.

Youngstown Certificate of Increase, Feb. 22, 1934 (and accompanying Amendment to Articles of Incorporation, March 10, 1934), which expanded the branch's purpose to include operating stores and acquiring property.


6 Deaths, obituaries

"Chester Isaly Dies Suddenly," The Mansfield News, March 23, 1931.

"Chester Isaly Kills Himself in Dairy Plant," The Youngstown Vindicator, March 23, 1931.

"Chester Isaly Kills Himself," Tel. [unknown; assumed Youngstown], March 23, 1931.

"David J. Isaly Dies in Marion," The Youngstown Vindicator, Nov. 28, 1953.

"David J. Isaly, 35, Dies Unexpectedly," The Marion Star, n.d., 1953.

"Death Claims Jesse Isaly, Mansfield News-Journal, Oct. 9, 1943; "Jesse Isaly Dies In Mansfield Home," The Youngstown Vindicator, Oct. 10, 1943.

"H.W. Isaly, Dairy Firm Official, Dies," Pittsburgh Post Gazette, Aug. 12, 1961.

"Henry Isaly, President of Stores, Dies," Pittsburgh Press, Aug. 12, 1961.

"Henry R. Isaly Rite Wednesday," The Ohio State Journal, Columbus, April 28, 1936.

"Henry W. Isaly Dies; Headed Dairy Firm," The Youngstown Vindicator, Aug. 12, 1961.

"Isaly Chain Chief Dies," Mansfield News-Journal, Aug. 12, 1961.

"Ruhland Isaly Found Dead In Hotel," Mansfield News-Journal, Feb. 24, 1952.

"Ruhland Isaly is Found Dead," The Youngstown Vindicator, Feb. 24, 1952.

"Samuel D. Isaly Succumbs In Phoenix; Stricken Oct. 6," The Youngstown Vindicator, Dec. 4, 1946.

"Samuel Isaly Dies In West," Mansfield News-Journal, Dec. 5, 1946.

"William Isaly Dies Tuesday At Hospital," Mansfield News, Aug. 21, 1923.

Editorial, Samuel D. Isaly's passing, The Youngstown Vindicator, Dec. 5, 1946.

Eugene Isaly obituary (father of William) in Richland Shield and Banner, Feb. 24, 1899

Obituaries, Henry Isaly, The Youngstown Vindicator, Aug. 28, 1942; "Isaly President Dies," Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Aug. 28, 1942; "Henry W. Isaly Dies; Headed Dairy Firm," The Youngstown Vindicator, 12 Aug. 1961.

Obituaries, Thomas A. Isaly, The Pittsburgh Press, Feb. 16, 1985, and Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Feb. 16, 1985.

Obituaries, William R. Isaly, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, April 9, 1998; The Columbus Dispatch, April 9, 1998; The Youngstown Vindicator, April 10, 1998.

Obituary, Bertie Jane Isaly, Columbus Dispatch, Oct. 18, 1977.

Obituary, Edwin Isaly, The Youngstown Vindicator, June 29, 1985.

Obituary, Harry McCandless, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, May 6, 1995.

Obituary, J.A. Martig, Jr., Louisville Herald [Oh.], Sept. 9, 1965.

Obituary, Jack Donahoe, The Pittsburgh Press, Oct. 13, 1991.

Obituary, James Deily, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Sept. 30, 1998.

Obituary, John Martig Sr., Louisville Herald [Oh.], Oct. 21, 1948.

Obituary, Larry Hatch, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Jan. 13, 1998.

Obituary, Robert Denk [Bard's executive], July 9, 1994.

Obituary, Thaddeus Merriman Jr., Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Dec. 3, 1993.

Obituary, Walter Paulo, The Youngstown Vindicator, Dec 12, 1984.


7 Articles

"$500 Isaly Scholarship Goes to Kenneth Wright," The Youngstown Vindicator, Aug. 6, 1958.

"'Lite' Ice Cream," The Wall Street Journal, April 16, 1992.

"'Milk' Bottle on Top of Isaly Dairy Company Plant Holds 20,000 quarts," The Youngstown Vindicator, 1921.

"10 Picket Isaly Co. Here in Price War by Farmers," The Youngstown Vindicator, Oct. 11, 1965

"15-Foot Cone Ices Isaly's Anniversary," The Pittsburgh Press, July 22, 1979

"20 Years after Isaly blast, memories still fresh," Ashtabula Star Beacon, Aug. 10, 1975.

"2004 Annual Sales of Ice Cream and Frozen Deserts to Approach $12.8 Billion," The Server Foodservice News, Sept. 2000.

"28 Isaly Stores Affiliated with Restaurant Associations," The Columbus Dispatch, June 15, 1942.

"2nd Isaly Stock Suit is Filed," The Youngstown Vindicator, March 8, 1967.

"300 Isaly Plant Workers Honor Paulo," The Youngstown Vindicator, Aug. 1, 1965.

"411 descendants to Hail Arrival in U.S.," Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Aug. 28, 1958.

"60 Pickets Arrested at Isaly's," The Pittsburgh Press, Sept. 30, 1965.

"80 Isaly Managers Get Smoky Mountain Vacation," The Youngstown Vindicator, Aug. 25, 1957.

"83 Isaly Stores Changing Hands," The Daily News [McKeesport, Pa.], Oct. 24, 1972.

"9 Million Cones A Year," in a Northway Mall supplement, probably in The Pittsburgh Press, July 31, 1962.

"91 Area Isaly Stores Gradually Phased Out," The Youngstown Vindicator, Aug. 18, 1970.

"Andover Village: valiant from its beginnning," Ashtabula Star Beacon, Dec. 26, 1976.

"Angry Farmers Threaten Pittsburgh's Milk Supply," The Youngstown Vindicator, Oct. 1, 1965.

"Ask not what a Klondike bar would do for you; ask...," St. Petersburg Times, June 25, 1984.

"Awards Made by Isaly Co., The Marion Star, June 23, 1949.

"Begin Work On New $100,000 Plant Here," The Youngstown Vindicator, Oct. 30, 1934 (erroneously marked 1933 in the Science and Industry file of Youngstown Public Library).

"Big Isaly Dairy Co. Grew From 100-Year-Old Kettle," Columbus Dispatch, July 1, 1951.

"Big Milk 'Bottle,'" The Youngstown Vindicator, Dec. 4, 1966.

"Board Praises Paulo For Service to Camp," The Youngstown Vindicator, Nov. 30, 1961.

"Borden to Sell Off Some Products," The Daily News [McKeesport], March 20, 1997.

"Borden, Isaly Drivers Strike; Deliveries Halt," The Youngstown Vindicator, Oct. 1, 1969.

"Boss Works Milk Route in Test," The Youngstown Vindicator, Feb. 28, 1955.

"Breyers Will Shut Plant in Philadelphia," The Daily News [McKeesport]. Aug. 18, 1995.

"Briefs [Klondike victory over Kraft]," The New York Times, July 19, 1985.

"Business Briefs: Empire of Carolina," The Wall Street Journal, Nov. 24, 1992.

"Canopy in City To Shut Down," The Daily News [McKeesport, Pa.], Aug. 24, 1984.

"Canopy Opens Tuesday With Payroll of 62," The Daily News [McKeesport, Pa.], Dec. 15, 1969.

"Carrara and Black Glass," Glass, Paints, Varnishes and Brushes (Pittsburgh: Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co., 1923).

"Cheese Industry Art," Milk Products Journal, Jan. 1962.

"Chester C. Isaly," Joseph G. Butler, Jr., History of Youngstown and the Mahoning Valley, Ohio (n.p., 1921).

"Chief Dairy: 58 Years of Making Curds and Whey," Chief Union [Upper Sandusky], March 22, 1972.

"Chipped ham lover buys Isaly's chain," Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Oct 21, 1981.

"Clabir Buys Food Firm for Cash and Notes Totaling $7.3 Million," Wall Street Journal, April 12, 1977.

"Clabir Corp. Sweet On Isaly Operation," The Pittsburgh Press, June 22, 1977.

"Clabir may sell Isaly interest," Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Sept. 9, 1984.

"Clabir's odd couple: Defense and dairy," Financial World, July 25-Aug. 7, 1984.

"Commission No Help, Dairy Farmers Say," The Pittsburgh Press, Oct. 7, 1965.

"Conn. Firm Purchases Isaly's for $7.3 Million," Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, April 12, 1977.

"Connecticut Firm Buys Isaly Chain," The Pittsburgh Press, April 12, 1977.

"Controlled stores + quality products = success for Isaly," Ice Cream Field, Feb. 1964.

"Court Restrains Isaly Pickets," The Pittsburgh Press, Oct. 5, 1965.

"CRC Isaly's Outlet Reopened in Duquesne," The Daily News [McKeesport], January 27, 1982.

"Cut In Retail Price Of Milk," The Youngstown Vindicator, May 6, 1918.

"Dairmen Pickets," The Youngstown Vindicator, Oct. 12, 1965.

"Dairy Battle," The Bulletin Index (Aug. 13, 1936) 17.

"Dairy Installs New Equipment," Mansfield News Journal, May 17, 1962.

"Dairy, Bank Set Projects," The Youngstown Vindicator, July 14, 1966.

"District Skimmed Milk Surplus to Go to Allies," The Youngstown Vindicator, May 7, 1942.

"Economics Cited as Isaly Closes Store," The Marion Star, July 8, 1970.

"Employees, Stockholders Try to Buy Isaly Plant," The Youngstown Vindicator, Jan. 10, 1970.

"Executive Changes," The New York Times, Feb. 10, 1987; Nov. 16, 1988.

"Farmers find it increasingly hard to get a fair shake for milk," Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Nov. 17, 1996.

"Farmers Sue 4 Dairies, Co-op For $13 Million," The Pittsburgh Press, Oct. 4, 1965.

"Financing Business," Wall Street Journal, April 20, 1983.

"First Isaly Shoppe," The Youngstown Vindicator, April 9, 1967.

"Food Service Entrepreneur Has Big Plans For Sweet William, Isaly Dairy Operations," The Pittsburgh Press, July 23, 1982.

"Formal Opening," The Mansfield News, April 8, 1921. (Documenting the "Sub Station.")

"From Eggs and Gathered Cream to Cheese, Butter and Dried Milk - in a Big Way," n.s., early 1940s.

"From the Corner Store to Supermarket Shelves," Adweek's Marketing Week, Oct. 24, 1988.

"FTC Blasts Klondike Claims, The Daily News [McKeesport], April 16, 1992.

"H. William Isaly Named President of Store Chain," The Youngstown Vindicator, April 6, 1969.

"H.W. Isaly to Manage Isaly's in Youngstown," The Youngstown Vindicator, Feb. 24, 1967.

"Half Gallon Milk Container Approved," Columbus Dispatch, Jan. 1, 1953.

"Hartley King serves up a smorgasbord," Tribune Review, [Greensburg, Pa.], Dec. 17, 1995.

"Hawkins New Manager of Isaly Advertising," The Youngstown Vindicator, March 16, 1948.

"Hearing Ends In Isaly Suit," The Pittsburgh Press, Nov. 20, 1965.

"Here's Dairy That Makes Babes Husky," Farm and Dairy 13:39, June 17, 1927.

"Hospital drops ice cream venture," The Pittsburgh Press, Nov. 29, 1984.

"Hospital replacing Isaly's with its own store," The Pittsburgh Press, Jan. 21, 1984.

"Ice Cream Cone has Birthday," n.s., July 19, 1964.

"Ice Cream for Scrap Metal Is Offer of Isaly Company," The Youngstown Vindicator, May 10, 1942.

"Ice Cream Plant Mixes Sugar, Milk and Dreams," The Pittsburgh Press, July 9, 1974.

"Ice Cream Rated Premium Product of Marion's Isaly Dairy Concern," The Marion Star, June 23, 1964.

"Ice cream chain opens area store," Youngstown Vindicator, March 1, 1992.

"Ice-cream bars for big kids," Consumer Reports, Aug. 1989.

"Ignore Pickets, Teamsters Ask," The Pittsburgh Press, Oct. 8, 1965.

"In other business," The Pittsburgh Press, Jan. 17, 1986.

"Isaly Announces Year End Results," March 27, 1985.

"Isaly Appoints New President," The Pittsburgh Press, April 12, 1981.

"Isaly Co. Announces Management Changes," The Marion Star, c. mid-1949.

"Isaly Co. Discontinuing Processing of Milk Here," The Marion Star, March 14, 1969.

"Isaly Co. Has 3rd Best Year," The Youngstown Vindicator, Feb. 27, 1949.

"Isaly Co. sells last 16 restaurants," Nation's Restaurant News, June 21, 1982.

"Isaly Co. Spurns Offer of Merger," The Youngstown Vindicator, Feb. 15, 1929.

"Isaly Co. To Expland Plant," The Youngstown Vindicator, Sept. 19, 1934.

"Isaly Co., Started In '99, Now Operates Many Stores," The Youngstown Vindicator, c. 1935.

"Isaly Dairy Co. Buys Iowa Creamery Firm," The Youngstown Vindicator, April 6, 1945.

"Isaly Dairy Co. Here Not to Cut Milk Prices," The Youngstown Vindicator, Oct. 2, 1946.

"Isaly Dairy is Sold to Connecticut Firm," The Youngstown Vindicator, April 12, 1977.

"Isaly Dairy Names Quality Control Officer," The Youngstown Vindicator, Jan. 17, 1966.

"Isaly Dairy to Spend $400,000 on Mahoning Ave. Plant," The Youngstown Vindicator, Oct. 9, 1938.

"Isaly Dairy Will Enlarge," The Youngstown Vindicator, Feb. 6, 1926.

"Isaly Dairy," Valley Foreman [Youngstown], May 1946.

"Isaly Denies Charges, Files Own Suit," The Pittsburgh Press, Oct. 26, 1965.

"Isaly Denies Farmer Raps at Milk Price," The Pittsburgh Press, Sept. 30, 1965.

"Isaly Dividend," The Pittsburgh Press, June 18, 1981.

"Isaly doubling ice cream bar production," St. Petersburg Times, Jan. 17, 1984.

"Isaly Ends Proposed Sale Of Restaurants," The Pittsburgh Press, May 6, 1981.

"Isaly Ends Sale Talks," The Pittsburgh Press, May 20, 1981.

"Isaly Executive Pays $40 Fines," The Youngstown Vindicator, May 28, 1961.

"Isaly Farm Will Close," The Youngstown Vindicator, Sept. 9, 1965.

"Isaly Firm Marks 25 Years," Pittsburgh Sun-Telegraph, May 15, 1956.

"Isaly Gets New Directors," Jan. 31, 1973. Sales figurs are mistakenly cited as for 1973.

"Isaly Grants Pay Increase," The Youngstown Vindicator, April 12, 1948.

"Isaly Grows During Slump," The Youngstown Vindicator, Oct. 14, 1932.

"Isaly Horse Struck by Car; Police Kill It," The Youngstown Vindicator, Dec. 8, 1947.

"Isaly Loses $2.4 Million," The Pittsburgh Press, March 25, 1981.

"Isaly Losses Hit Cool $532,000," The Pittsburgh Press, May 22, 1981.

"Isaly Milk Pickets March For 3rd Day," The Pittsburgh Press, Oct. 2, 1965.

"Isaly Names 3 Officials," The Youngstown Vindicator, April 3, 1966.

"Isaly Officers Are Re-elected," The Youngstown Vindicator, March 3, 1948.

"Isaly Operation in Area Remains Hanging Fire," The Youngstown Vindicator, Feb. 26, 1970.

"Isaly Pickets Called Off; Talks Slated," The Pittsburgh Press, April 24, 1966.

"Isaly Plans Oakland Treat," The Pittsburgh Press, Oct. 29, 1978.

"Isaly plans nationwide distribution of Klondike to restore profitability," Pittsburgh Business Journal, Oct. 12, 1981.

"Isaly Plant Picketed by 50 Drivers," The Youngstown Vindicator, Sept. 23, 1963.

"Isaly Profits Up," The Pittsburgh Press, Mar 22, 1983.

"Isaly Promotes Rafoth; Latsko, Custer Move Up," The Youngstown Vindicator, April 3, 1961.

"Isaly Raps 'Splinter Dairy Group," probably Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Sept. 30, 1965.

"Isaly Sales Plan Hard to Duplicate," Food Industries, May 1937.

"Isaly Sales Rise 30% In Quarter," The Pittsburgh Press, Sept. 10, 1982.

"Isaly sales completed," Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, June 9, 1982.

"Isaly Selling Food Stores, 6 Restaurants," The Pittsburgh Press, April 24, 1981.

"Isaly Shoppe Maps 42-Seat Addition," The Youngstown Vindicator, April 24, 1971.

"Isaly Shoppe to Open Near Campus," The Youngstown Vindicator, July 30, 1967.

"Isaly Shows Loss in Second Quarter," The Pittsburgh Press, Aug. 6, 1981.

"Isaly Signs Pact with Retail Clerks," The Youngstown Vindicator, June 25, 1946.

"Isaly Stores Joined In Single Operation," Columbus Dispatch, Jan. 20, 1954.

"Isaly Sues Dairy Unit Over Pickets," The Pittsburgh Press, Oct. 25, 1965.

"Isaly Suffers Loss," The Pittsburgh Press, March 24, 1982.

"Isaly To Build Plant Addition," The Youngstown Vindicator, Oct. 18, 1934.

"Isaly To Close Oakland Plant, Cut 75 Jobs," The Pittsburgh Press, March 20, 1978.

"Isaly To Open Large Store," The Youngstown Vindicator, March 8, 1933.

"Isaly To Spend $800,000 On New-Type Stores," Mansfield News-Journal, May 18, 1962.

"Isaly to Close Plant Here," The Youngstown Vindicator, July 31, 1970.

"Isaly to list on AMEX, n.s., n.d.; ad from The Wall Street Journal, May 18, 1984.

"Isaly to sell local stores, restaurants," Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, April 25, 1981.

"Isaly Treats Vindicator Staff to "Klondikes," The Youngstown Vindicator, Feb. 5, 1922.

"Isaly Unreels TV 'Tapes' In Lawsuit," The Pittsburgh Press, Nov. 19, 1965.

"Isaly's 15-Footer Really Cool Treat For Children's," The Pittsburgh Press, July 15, 1979.

"Isaly's After Slice of Big Apple," The Pittsburgh Press, June 21, 1977.

"Isaly's Asks Court Ban Picketing," Beacon Journal [Akron], Jan. 7, 1958.

"Isaly's Beer-Selling Plan Upsets Tavern Owners," The Pittsburgh Press, June 26, 1979.

"Isaly's Bought By Conn. Firm," The Daily News [McKeesport, Pa.], April 11, 1977.

"Isaly's closes once-busy Oakland store," The Pittsburgh Press, March 11, 1987.

"Isaly's Common Stock Offered for Trading," The Youngstown Vindicator, April 30, 1984.

"Isaly's continues to offer old-fashioned quality," in "Dining with Jon Christensen," This Week in Upper Arlington section, Columbus Distpatch (May 5, 1997).

"Isaly's Dairy Chain Sold," The Pittsburgh Press, Oct 21, 1981.

"Isaly's Employ Another Electric Servant," Commercial Electric Products 1:6, Duquesne Light publication, Sept. 1934.

"Isaly's Food Chain Sold To Out-Of-Town Group," The Pittsburgh Press, Oct. 24, 1972.

"Isaly's Hold 125th Reunion in Wheeling, Mansfield News-Journal, Aug. 28, 1958.

"Isaly's Invite You to their New [Pittsburgh] Plant," clipping from day before opening, n.s, n.d.

"Isaly's Klondike: Bar The Yukon," The Pittsburgh Press, Oct. 11, 1979.

"Isaly's Names Garland Merchandising Director," The Youngstown Vindicator, Dec. 20, 1967.

"Isaly's National Drive," 3, March 1984.

"Isaly's New Management Team Set," The Pittsburgh Press, Feb. 8, 1973.

"Isaly's New Parent Thinks Growth," Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, June 22, 1977.

"Isaly's Open Store At Stow," Record Courier [Kent], 1955.

"Isaly's Polishing its Nuggets," The Pittsburgh Press, May 15, 1986.

"Isaly's Profit Displays Gain," The Pittsburgh Press, Dec. 10, 1982.

"Isaly's Salute the New Year," probably Mansfield News, c. 1940.

"Isaly's Sells Oakland Land," The Pittsburgh Press, Feb. 4, 1981.

"Isaly's Sets Opening of 359th Store," The Youngstown Vindicator, Mar. 13, 1960.

"Isaly's Strikes Gold With Klondike Bar," The Pittsburgh Press, June 24, 1982.

"Isaly's tells a tale of two stores," The Beacon Journal [Akron], Jan. 3, 1995.

"Isaly's to End Local Ice Cream Production," The Youngstown Vindicator, Sept. 12, 1969.

"Isaly's to Open Cleveland Stores," The Youngstown Vindicator, Aug. 13, 1958.

"Isaly's to Quit Making Ice Cream in Oakland," Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, March 20, 1978.

"Isaly's Will Observe Six Years of Growth," The Ohio State Journal, June 15, 1942.

"Isely Farm Setting for Family Reunion Program Next Sunday," n.s. [assumed Wisconsin], July 12, 1962.

"Islay [sic] Co. Plans a Large Garage," The Youngstown Vindicator, Jan. 24, 1921.

"It Began With A Copper Kettle," Mansfield News Journal, Oct. 1, 1953.

"John Isaly Purchases Mt. Vernon Ave. Store," The Marion Star, Aug. 4, 1970.

"John Isaly Takes Post With Jersey Company, The Marion Star, April n.d., 1969.

"King's recipe? Court customers, employees," Tribune Review [Greensburg, Pa.], Sept. 20, 1992.

"Klondike Gold: The story behind the amazing success of Klondike Ice Cream Bars," Dairy Record, Nov. 1982.

"Klondike maker will go national before year's end," The Pittsburgh Press, Jan. 14, 1984.

"Klondike Opens $5 Million Florida Facility," Florida Grocer, Aug. 1982.

"Klondike sold for $155-million," St. Petersburg Times, Feb. 2, 1993.

"Klondikes melting hearts nationwide," Pittsburgh Business Times, July 12-18, 1982.

"Kraft's Polar B'ar Barred," Dairy Record, Aug. 1985.

"Latest Scoop on Low-Fat Ice Cream," The Daily News [McKeesport], Jan. 31, 1996.

"Many Served Daily with Milk by Menzie Dairy, The Daily News [McKeesport], June 30, 1934.

"Marion Memories," The Marions Star, Aug. 20, 1997.

"McNicholas Takes Over Isaly Trucks," The Youngstown Vindicator, Aug. 13, 1958.

"Merrimac, New Dining Room, Will Rise Here," The Daily News [McKeesport, Pa.], March 5, 1969.

"Milk Cases Topple Over, Injuring Dairy Driver," The Youngstown Vindicator, June 4, 1947.

"Milk Farmers Renew Isaly Plant Protest," The Pittsburgh Press, Oct. 1, 1965.

"Milk Farmers Threaten Halt In Deliveries," The Pittsburgh Press, Oct. 6, 1965.

"Milk Firms To Sit In On UDF Talks," The Pittsburgh Press, May 1, 1966.

"Milk Price Dispute Spills Over Into Ohio," The Pittsburgh Press, Oct. 11, 1965.

"Milk prices a sour subject," Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Feb. 16, 1997.

"Milking a lifestyle," Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, June 1, 1997.

"Miller's Considers DeBartolo Site," The Youngstown Vindicator, Oct. 13, 1977, which likely misrepresents the site as the former Isaly's Certified Dairy.

"Modern White Fronts Dot Most of State," Mansfield News-Journal, Oct. 4, 1954

"More Control, Less Milk," The Pittsburgh Press, Sept. 30, 1965.

"More Talks Due By UDF, Isaly," The Pittsburgh Press, April 27, 1966.

"Morrison Restaurants Inc.," International Directory of Company Histories, vol. II (Detroit: St. James Press, 1995).

"Mrs. Cooper is Named Supervisor by Isaly's," The Youngstown Vindicator, April 20, 1966.

"Mrs. Isaly Remember Early Day Hardships," The Marion Star, April 4, 1965.

"Mural Paintings and Rare Woods Decorate Isaly Expansion," Dairy World, June 1941.

"Name of Isaly Synonymous With Dairy Products in Three States," Columbus Dispatch, Sept. 7, 1958.

"Name Van Cleave of Chicago General Manager of Isaly's," The Youngstown Vindicator, May 26, 1965.

"Names Sales Manager for Isaly's Stores," The Youngstown Vindicator, March 12, 1949.

"Nannette Gatchel, "Say Good [family] Cheese and smile, it's right here," Chief Union [Upper Sandusky], July 13, 1983.

"New Clabir Chair to Lead Klondike, Food Business, Nov. 6, 1989.

"New Isaly HQ," The Pittsburgh Press, Jan. 5, 1982.

"New Isaly Plant Opened At Canton," The Youngstown Vindicator, Aug. 2, 1935.

"New Products, Processes Brighten Isaly's Future," The Youngstown Vindicator, Jan. 8, 1965.

"New Type Isaly Store Set for Southeast Area," The Marion Star, Jan. 4, 1968.

"Newest Isaly Plant," Besco News, Jan. 1948.

"Newest Link In Isaly Chain Opens Tomorrow," Mansfield News Journal, May 3, 1937.

"No cows to come home to antmore," Sept. 27, 1998.

"No freeze on sales," Pittsburgh Post Gazette, June 28, 1989.

"Noted Mural Painter's Works Decorate New Isaly Building," The Youngstown Vindicator, Sept. 8, 1940.

"Oakland Isaly's to close," The Pittsburgh Press, Jan. 14, 1984.

"Ohio Isaly's Seeking Ban On Pickets," The Pittsburgh Press, Oct. 13, 1965.

"Ohio Swiss Cheese Industry Started in 1833, History Retold," The Butter, Cheese and Milk Products Journal, Jan. 1951.

"Original Isaly store to go way of 'Skyscraper' cone," Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Jan. 14, 1984.

"Other Areas Get Flavor Of City's Ice Cream Bar," The Pittsburgh Press, May 1, 1979.

"Page Dairy Here 27 Years," Mansfield News Journal, June 9, 1946.

"Parent Company of Marshall Creamery is Older Than City," Times-Republican [Marshalltown, Ia.], June 30, 1953.

"Paulo Can't Help Knowing Dairy Business, He Started Delivering Milk When He Was 13," The Youngstown Vindicator, Jan. 24, 1954.

"Paulo Heads Isaly Dairy," The Youngstown Vindicator, Sept. 19, 1961.

"Paulo Is 17-County Head Of U.S. Savings Bond Drive," The Youngstown Vindicator, Feb. 25, 1961.

"Paulo Plans More Expansion For Isaly," The Youngstown Vindicator, Sept. 20, 1961.

"Paulo Pushes Savings Bonds," The Youngstown Vindicator, July 30, 1984.

"Paulo Retires as Isaly Chief; Stays on Board," The Youngstown Vindicator, July 9, 1965.

"Paulo to Head Isaly's Chain," The Youngstown Vindicator, March 1, 1947.

"Pennsylvania firm to make ice cream bars in Pinellas," St. Petersburg Times, Sept. 15, 1981.

"Picketing Hurts, Isaly Testifies," The Pittsburgh Press, Nov. 9, 1965.

"Pickets Blamed For Isaly Loss," The Pittsburgh Press, Nov. 18, 1965.

"Pickets Hurt Isaly Sales, Court Told," The Pittsburgh Press, Nov. 10, 1965.

"PIDA Loan Finances Isaly Renovations," The Pittsburgh Press, Nov 10, 1981.

"Pinellas ice cream bar firm tangles with giant Kraft over packaging," St. Petersburg Times, Aug. 17, 1982.

"Pittsburgh Native Reviving Isaly's," Economy, April 1982.

"Probe Prices, Judge Urges Milk Panel," The Pittsburgh Press, Oct. 8, 1965.

"Promoted by Isaly's," The Youngstown Vindicator, May 2, 1947.

"R.D. Simmons Manager of Isaly Shoppe," The Marion Star, July 27, 1968.

"Rafoth, Rickard Named Isaly Vice Presidents," The Youngstown Vindicator, July 16, 1965.

"Rejects $55,000 Suit on Charge of Slander," The Youngstown Vindicator, June 3, 1965.

"Reorganization By Isaly Co.," The Pittsburgh Press, Dec. 20, 1967.

"Restaurateur King named Variety's man of year," The Pittsburgh Press, April 16, 1992.

"Retzlers Will Provide New Isaly Store Bldg.," probably The Daily Record [Wooster, Oh.] May 5, 1954.

"Rieck-McJunkin Dairy Co.," The Story of Pittsburgh, Vol. 1, Number 12: Food Products (First National Bank at Pittsburgh, 1925).

"Royal Success," The Pittsburgh Press, Aug. 6, 1987.

"Santa Claus Remembers Needy; Brings Baskets Filled with Food," The Youngstown Vindicator, Dec. 25, 1941.

"Settle Dispute at Isaly Dairy," The Youngstown Vindicator, Sept. 24, 1963.

"Shareholders in Isaly Dairy Co. Ask Court Set Price," The Youngstown Vindicator, Feb. 26, 1967.

"Smith Dairy Moves Its Operation to New Plant," The Marion Star, March 26, 1970.

"Smith Dairy of Orrville Buys Isaly Routes Here," The Marion Star, April 28, 1969.

"Steel Town Nods to Tradition but Gears Up for the Maulers," The New York Times, Jan. 19, 1984.

"Store Ownership Solves Business Troubles for Isaly Dairy," The Ice Cream Review, June 1932.

"Sweet William Sale Finished, Isaly Reports," The Pittsburgh Press, May 12, 1982.

"Take A Lick At This," The Pittsburgh Press, July 23, 1979.

"The Howard Johnson Restaurants," Fortune, Sept. 1940.

"The Isaly Dairy Firm Maintains Many Stores," The Youngstown Vindicator, Dec, 1, 1926.

"The Isaly Klondike Company," in "Movers & Shakers," Dairy Foods 91:4, April 1990.

"The Lunch Hour: Sweet William Restaurant, Fifth and Liberty Avenues," n.s., c. 1982.

"The Preservation of Historic Pigmented Structural Glass," National Park Service Preservation Brief 12.

"The Ritual That Was Isaly's," Pittsburgh, May 1985.

"This Week's Personality [Tom Isaly]," This Week in Pittsburgh-Key, April 21, 1972.

"Today's Changing Careers," The Pittsburgh Press, April 6, 1969.

"Tods Acquire Isaly [farm] Property," The Youngstown Vindicator, Feb. 24, 1972.

"Trial Opens In Isaly Suit Against UDF," The Pittsburgh Press, Nov. 8, 1965.

"Twentysomethings: Managing the New Breed of Employee," Restaurants USA, Sept. 1996.

"U-Haul Co. of Ohio Buys Former Isaly Dairy Plant," The Youngstown Vindicator, Jan. 3, 1977.

"Uni-Marts Have Own Gasoline," The Daily News [McKeesport], April 7, 1998.

"Unilever PLC," The Wall Street Journal, Jan. 1 and Feb. 1, 1993.

"Unilever," Hoover's Handbook of World Business 1995-1996.

"United Dairy Farms... A Concern for the People... A one-of-a-kind in the Nation," The Smaller Manufacturer, June, 1978.

"Update: Isaly Company," Dairy Record, June 1985.

"Van Cleve [sic] Elected to Isaly Board," The Youngstown Vindicator, Nov. 12, 1965.

"Vie in 83rd District," The Youngstown Vindicator, Nov. 3, 1968.

"Vitrolite," Goldenseal, Fall 1992.

"Walter H. Paulo is Appointed General manager of Isaly Firm," The Youngstown Vindicator, Dec. 29, 1946.

"Walter Paulo is Named Chairman of the Board," The Youngstown Vindicator, April 29, 1965.

"Warehouse Site Sold By Isaly," The Pittsburgh Press, Oct. 28, 1973.

"Warm reception won heart of ice cream bar company," St. Petersburg Times, April 9, 1984.

"Watch out, Eskimo Pie," Forbes, July 2, 1984.

"Will Begin Isaly's 3 Big Milk Tanks," The Youngstown Vindicator, Nov. 26, 1966.

"William Isaly to Head Pittsburgh Dairy Firm," The Marion Star, Sept. 18, 1961.

"Youngstown Men You Should Know," The Youngstown Vindicator, March 23, 1929.

"Youngstowners were the first to get a taste of Good Humor," The Youngstown Vindicator, July 8, 1992.

Ager, Susan. "Your office or your life," Pittsburgh Post Gazette, July 30, 1998.

Alexander, Jack. "Host of the Highways," Saturday Evening Post, July 19, 1958.

Baird, Robert and Mary Stolberg. "United Dairy Farmers Soured by Bankruptcy, Auction," The Pittsburgh Press, Jan. 13, 1983.

Bates, Jenna. "Closing of Isaly's sparks nostalgia," Stow Sentry, Jan. 11, 1998.

Behe, Rege. "Beer The Way It Was In Pittsburgh," Pittsburgh Tribune Review (Sept. 15, 1996).

Bennett, Marcia. "Eat'n Park," Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, June 6, 1989.

Bennett, Marcia. "Lost Pittsburgh - Isaly's," Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Nov. 24, 1988.

Betler, Bruce. "Bärg Käss: Cheesemaking among the West Virginia Swiss," Goldenseal, Spring 1994.

Bovey, Allan. "Company Manufactures 'Desserts' in 18 Flavors," The Marion Star, June 23, 1964.

Buchlmayer, Nicole C. "From Isaly's clerk to Ultimate Collector," Gateway Publications, July 20, 1994.

Buell, Thomas Jr. "Story of giant Kraft Inc. began with local dairy," The Pittsburgh Press, Oct. 20, 1988.

Butko, Brian. "Carhoppin' at Eat'n Park," Western Pennsylvania History, Summer 1999.

Butko, Brian. "I Shall Always Love You, Isaly's," Ohio, June/July 1997.

Butler, Joseph G. Jr. "George V. Thompson" and "Chester C. Isaly," History of Youngstown and the Mahoning Valley Ohio (1921).

Cain, Mary. "Isaly's: A 'tasteful' tradition," n.p., c. 1987.

Causey, James M. "How Much is a Famous Face Really Worth?" Today's Investor 10:20, Oct. 13, 1989.

Chatman, Angela. "United Dairy Farms in the Cream Again," Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Jan. 9, 1984.

Dagnoli, Judann. "Klondike stages celebrity mouth-off," Advertising Age, April 17, 1989.

Dienstag, Eleanor Foa. In Good Company: 125 Years at the Heinz Table (New York: Warner Books, 1994).

Fisher, Bradley. "Milk Man: Sealtest and the National Dairy Empire of Edward E. Rieck" Pittsburgh History (Summer 1998).

Gannon, Joyce. "Nostalgia Sells," Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, April 23, 1998.

Gerry, James H., "The 'Isaly Plan' a Monument to Founder," Dairy Products Merchandising (Vol. II, No. 4: Feb. 1924).

Gottfried, Ray. Pictorial Memories of Upper Sandusky and Wyandot County (Cincinnati: Watkins Printing Co., 1976).

Goulder, Grace. "The Easleys and the Isalys: Switzerland in Ohio," Cleveland Plain Dealer (Dec. 11, 1955), magazine section.

Gulutz, Gina. "65 and counting: Family business rides waves of change," The Evening Review [East Liverpool, Oh.](May 15, 1995).

Hannon, Kerry. "Meltdown," Forbes, Aug. 7, 1989.

Heald, E.T. "199: John A. Martig, Cheese King," in Stark County Story, vol. 3, c. 1955.

Heald, E.T. "200: The Early Dairy Industry," in Stark County Story, vol. 3, c. 1955.

Heald, E.T. "269: Shopping Centers," in Stark County Story, vol. 4, c. 1955.

Honer, Clem. "At Isaly/Klondike: Computers run plant refrigeration system," Prepared Foods, April, 1986.

Honer, Clem. "How Klondike says 'L-A,'" Dairy Record, Aug. 1985.

Hoover, Bob. "Hard Labor," Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Sept. 5, 1993.

Hoover, Mike. "Klondike closing," The Evening Sun [Hanover], Sept. 16, 1993.

Isaly, William R. "Isaly finds savings in sound refrigeration," Ice Cream Field, Nov. 1958.

Jones, Del. "Buyers get no satisfaction: As employment rises, so do customer complaints," USA Today, July 22, 1997.

Kelsey, Patricia. "Ammonia refn [sic] system produces 230 'Klondike' bars a minute," Air Conditioning, Heating & Refrigeration News, Sept. 19, 1983.

Kiger, Pat. "Chipped ham: a cut above the rest," Pittsburgh, March 1983.

Kohler, Roy. "[Eat'n Park] Service With A Smile," The Pittsburgh Press, July 19, 1953.

Lillis, Karen S. "Isaly Shoppe closing," The Marion Star, July 28, 1995.

Lin-Fisher, Betty. "New and improved, but it's familiar, too," Beacon Journal [Akron], March 6, 1998.

List, W.H. Jr. "Novelties - Cost, pricing and Sales Outlet," as abstracted in Abstracts of literature on the manufacture and distribution of ice cream (Harrisburg: Intl. Assn. of Ice Cream Mfrs., 1933).

Mamenta, Joanne Lee. "Cool Bill Isaly is Born Entrepreneur of Ice Cream," Pinellas Park News, May 8, 1986.

Martinson, Suzanne. "The Scoop on Reinholds," Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Aug. 29, 1993.

McKay, Jim. "Eat'n Park in high gear," Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, June 6, 1989.

McKay, Jim. "From white elephant to ice cream sundae," Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Sept. 14, 1997.

McPherson, Karen. "Milk price system to change," Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Nov. 23, 1997.

Mendel, Laurie. "35 Flavors Make Selection Tough," Youngstown Vindicator, July 14, 1979.

Merriman, Woodene. "Chipped Ham Part of Pittsburgh," The Pittsburgh Press, May 30, 1979.

Moore, Thomas J. "Isaly doubling ice cream bar production," St. Petersburg Times, Jan. 17, 1984.

Musick, Phil. "Klondike caught up in heat of Florida trademark suit," The Pittsburgh Press, March 21, 1984.

Musick, Phil. "Klondike, a local treasure, savors victory in court," The Pittsburgh Press, July 19, 1985.

n.t., Dairy Field, Jan. 1983.

n.t., Dimitri Vassilaros, Pittsburgh Tribune-Review, April 17, 1998.

n.t., Food & Beverage Marketing, May 1991.

n.t., The Pittsburgh Press, April 1, 1985.

n.t., The Pittsburgh Press, Dec. 16, 1981.

Newman, Judy A. "Isaly Klondike tastes success," The York Dispatch, Nov. 22, 1986.

Oblander, Terry. "Last call for coffee at Isaly's restaurant," Plain Dealer [Cleveland], Jan. 5, 1998.

Pierce, Henry W. "Hospital will operate restaurant," The Pittsburgh Press, Jan. 21, 1984.

Putalik, Elizabeth. "Swiss Guards," Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Feb. 12, 1995.

Riggle, Charles R. "Perfection Plus: The New Isaly Dairy Company Plant at Youngstown," Ohio Edison Magazine, Sept.-Oct. 1940.

Rouvalis, Cristina and Patricia Sabatini, "Heinz restructuring includes layoffs, plant closings, but little impact here," Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, March 15, 1997.

Rudolph, Walter. "How a Restaurant and Delicatessen Supplement Each Other Successfully," [Ashtabula Isaly's] Restaurant Management, July 1949.

Rutherford, Roy. "Isaly Chief is Wholesome and Efficient; Cautious, Too; And Everybody Calls Him Sam," The Youngstown Vindicator, Nov. 10, 1946.

Sabatini, Patricia. "Heinz takeover bid by Unilever doubted," Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Aug. 20, 1994.

Sabatini, Patricia. "Is Unilever hungry for 57 Varieties," Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Aug. 13, 1994.

Seebacher, Noreen. "Here's a big scoop for summer: Isaly's Skyscrapers are back," The Pittsburgh Press, June 27, 1990.

Shaffer, Dale. "Isaly's store always left 'em smiling," Salem News, May 10, 1989.

Sharp, Deborah. "Ice cream maker churns out bars," Florida Today, July 19, 1989.

Shutts, James R. "The Milky Way to Meals," Restaurant Management, March 1940.

Simkovic, Susan. "Handel's Moooves Into Local Ice Cream Marketplace," The Daily News [McKeesport], May 22, 1997.

Simkovic, Susan. "King Named '97 Entrepreneur," The Daily News [McKeesport, Pa.], July 30, 1997.

Smith, Greg. "Alcoa's Aluminum Furniture: New Applications for a Modern Material," 1924-1934, Pittsburgh History, Summer 1995.

Smith, Susan Harris and Philip E. Smith, "The Absolutely Best Ice Cream," Pittsburgh, Aug. 1976.

Sneyd, Ross. "New plant in Vermont helps Ben & Jerry's scoop out success again," Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Nov. 24, 1995.

Snyder, Bette. "Cheese making now highly mechanized," Chief-Union [Upper Sandusky], Aug. 18. 1980.

Spears, Gregory. "Isaly Co. to see whether British will go for Klondike ice cream bars," St. Petersburg Times, Aug. n.d., 1984.

Specter, [Pa. State Sen.] Arlen. "Dairy Farmers Need Aid," The Daily News [McKeesport, Pa.], May 5, 1997.

Sprague, Jesse. "He [Howard Johnson] Had an Idea," Saturday Evening Post, Nov. 2, 1940.

Stapleton, M.A. "U-Haul to vacate old Isaly building," The Youngstown Vindicator, April 19, 1993.

Stephanik, Norma. "U-Haul to remain in Isaly building," The Corridor [Mahoning Valley Preservation Committee] c. fall 1993.

Stevens, Sylvester K., Ph.D. "Ice Cream Making," Pennsylvania: Titan of Industry, vol. 2 (New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Co., Inc, 1948).

Stoner, Rhonda. "Klondike Bar Makers Vow Aggressiveness," Tampa Bay Business, c. 1985.

Thomas, Bill. "Handel's Ice Cream to offer scoop of stock," Youngstown Vindicator, Nov. 13, 1989.

Thomas, Robert. "Isaly name still means ice cream," Farm & Dairy, Sept. 24, 1992.

Tims, Jane. "Isaly's serves a heaping helping of family to regulars," The Youngstown Vindicator, Oct. n.d., 1995.

Tomb, G. "Ice Cream for the Summer," Pittsburgher, Aug. 1979.

Vavro, Jeff. "It's Good to be King," The Daily News [McKeesport, Pa.], Jan. 16, 1998.

Vincent, Debra. "Klondike's Growth Heats Up Profits," Food Business, Nov. 19, 1990.

Vondas, Jerry. "United Dairy Farmers Battling Odds Again," The Pittsburgh Press, Jan. 12, 1979.

Wells, Hulda U. "Everything for a Meal and Purchasable at One Store, Isaly's," The Columbus Dispatch, March 16, 1951.

White, Joseph B. and Joann S. Lublin. "Now, some companies try to rebuild employee loyalty," Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Sept. 29, 1996.


8 Miscellaneous

"A Biographical Sketch of Wm. Isaly's Policy In Developing 'The Isaly Dairy Companies,'" believed to be a transcript of a speech by William's son Charles delivered to the company's board of directors upon William's death in 1924.

"Stauffer, Apellant v. The Isaly Dairy Co. of Pittsburgh, Apellee (decided Oct. 13, 1965), Ohio Opinions 2d Series, 44.

According to Isaly Family Reunion 1995: descendants of William Eugene Isaly and Louisa Katherine Luedy Isaly, prepared by Samuel D. Isaly, of the eight grandparents of William and Katherine Luedy Isaly, six were probably born in Canton Berne (the other two in nearby Alsace). Carl Marty, referred to in a caption, was married to Verena Isely, born Dec. 25, 1861, but she is descended from what is called the Wisconsin branch of the Iseli family (for more, see the Iseli worldwide family website). Her sisters were Rosina Isaly Rufer and Magdalena Isaly Ritschard, all of whom lived in Monroe, Wisc., as of a Jan. 1965 program celebrating Verena's 103rd birthday the month before. In 1962, they held a family reunion in Wisconsin for descendants of Christian and Verena Beunker Isely: "Of the 14 children of the early pioneers, four are living with William Isely, 82, the youngest. Mrs. Carl Marty Sr., Monroe, is the oldest [100]," as per, "Isely Farm Setting for Family Reunion Program Next Sunday," n.s. [assumed Wisconsin], July 12, 1962. Carl Marty was also a cheese industry pioneer, and according to "Cheese Industry Art," Milk Products Journal, Jan. 1962, after retirement, he painted 600 cheese making scenes in oils, some distributed by The Swiss Colony, Monroe, Wis.

Akron city directory, 1939.

AMEX press release April 30, 1984, announcing Isaly's Common Stock offered for trading.

An Aug. 29, 1988, letter from James Mohler, Summerville, S.C., to the Isaly Klondike Co., in the collection of H. William Isaly, states that Mohler's father Jay was manager of the farm from 1933 to his death in 1942, when Mohler's uncle John Burkhart was named manager. Mohler's envlope indeed has the farm logo and his father listed as superintendent. An attempt to contact Mohler was unsuccessful.

Bill Pitzer, Linger Light dairy history, at the Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania.

Canopy restaurant ads, The Daily News [McKeesport, Pa.], Feb. 11, 1970, and May 20, 1971, Feb. 9, 1972.

Canton city directories, 1940, '45, '54, '62.

Chain Store Shareowners, Inc., ad in Time, Feb 2, 1931.

Cherry-Burrell Corporation ad in Milk Production and Marketing, April 1932, listing equipment used at the Boulevard plant.

Columbus city directories, 1959, '70, '79.

Comparative money values deduced from The Inflation Calculator at <>.

David Isaly wedding announcement, The Marion Star, Aug. 2, 1941.

Extensive research was done by Linda Isaly Coughlin and Ellen Stoll Isaly on Swiss genealogy, and their 1985 Report on the Swiss Family Iseli, detailing their trip to Walkringen, where Christian lived, was very helpful. They also believe Verena's last name should be Zwygart, and not Fream as reporrted on the 1983 family tree. Rev. and Mrs. Bricker also provided a baptismal record they unearthed on a visit to Switzerland.

Family tree and chart listing 1414 descendants (256 with some version of the name Isaly) of Christian and Verena/Verona Fream Isaly prepared for a 1983 family reunion by Patricia Isaly Fulakis and Ellen Stoll Isaly. (It's believed that Verena's name was mistakenly misspelled Verona in a translation of the original document.) William and Louisa had a fifth son, George, who died before the dairy companies were formed.

For more on Immune Milk, see the FDA web page <>.

For recent ice cream statistics, see this page (sponsored by Good Humor-Breyers) <>

Ice Cream Review, March 1922.

In Switzer Twp., the tombstone of Christian's daughter Salome (died Sept. 9, 1884) spells the name "Isale."

Info-Trac library data base, June 2, 1992, reporting merger of Empire and Clabir.

Isaly Family Reunion 1995: descendants of William Eugene Isaly and Louisa Katherine Luedy Isaly, prepared by Samuel D. Isaly

Isaly's ad for the Homestead Restaurant, "Your Isaly Franchise Store," The Carey [Oh.] Times, April 3, 1958.

Isaly's ad from The Marion Star, Aug. 18, 1947.

Isaly's ad, "Isaly's On The Move!" assumed to be Mansfield News Journal, Jan. 26, 1964.

Isaly's ad, "Isaly's Salute the New Year," Mansfield News-Journal, Dec. 31, 1947.

Isaly's ad, combo unit, North Hills Village Mall supplement, probably The Pittsburgh Press, Nov. 3, 1976.

Isaly's ad, Mansfield News-Journal, Dec. 31, 1947.

Isaly's ad, The Daily News [McKeesport], July 26, 1933.

Isaly's ad, The Minerva Leader (April 4, 1940).

Isaly's ad, The Pittsburgh Press on May 16, 23, and 30, 1979.

Isaly's ad, The Pittsburgh Press, April 3, 1985.

Isaly's ad, The Pittsburgh Press, Oct. 11, 1965.

Isaly's ad, The Youngstown Vindicator, June 20, 1951.

Lancaster, Oh., store mention, sesquicentennial edition-sec. F, Lancaster Eagle-Gazette, June 3, 1950.

Mansfield city directories, 1899, 1904, '06, '08, '10, '20, '22, '24, '28, '39, '45, '50, '63.

Marion city directories, 1917, '20, '27, '36, '45, '47, '50, '53, '55, '66.

Nielsen Marketing Research Report, Jan. 19, 1993.

Oral history transcript, Art Frank, 1984, Youngstown State University, Youngstown.

Pittsburgh city directories, 1930, '34, '35, '38, '43, '48.

Schlosser's special section, The Fort Wayne Journal-Gazette, May 24, 1931.

Shelby, Oh., city directory, 1937.

Specifications for the Erection and Completion of a Dairy Building for the Isaly Dairy of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, at Carnegie Mellon University Architecture Archives, Pittsburgh, an 80-page list of contractor requirements, revised July 25, 1930.

Springfield, Oh., city directory, 1936.

Switzer Township has been called Little Switzerland, but a number of other places also claim to be Little Switzerland or the Switzerland of America, among them Sugarcreek and LaGrance, Oh.; Ouray, Colo.; Berne, Minn.; Covington, Ky.; New Glarus, Wis.; and Helvetia, W.V. For more on Helvetia, see Bruce Betler, "Bärg Käss: Cheesemaking among the West Virginia Swiss," Goldenseal, Spring 1994; and Elizabeth Putalik, "Swiss Guards," Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Feb. 12, 1995. Also see "Ohio Swiss Cheese Industry Started in 1833, History Retold," The Butter, Cheese and Milk Products Journal, Jan. 1951.

The Eat'n Park Story: A Tradition of Innovation, Quality and Customer Service, a 3-page press release from which some of the early history is drawn.

The Isaly Dairy Story, an 11-minute film detailing the Mansfield branch, c. 1957. It is rumored that the Marion and Youngstown branches had similar educational films made, but no copies can be located.

The Zone8tor [they were in zone 8], Sanitary Dairy newsletter, 1:4, Sept. 1944.

Toronto, Oh., city directory, 1933-1934.

WQED-TV interviews: Frank Bolden, c. 1991; George Krohe, April 1990; Jack and Dorothy McGeary, April 1990; June Isaly, April 3, 1990; Lou Mitchell, April 1990; Margie DeArmit, April 1990; Phil Isaly, April 1990.

WQED-TV productions Things That Aren't There Anymore, 1990; Wylie Avenue Days, 1991.

Youngstown city directories, 1916, '17, '18, '19, '20, '24, '29, '31, '33-'34, '35-'36, '39, '40.


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